About the Philippines – the country, islands, and the philippine people

The Philippines is a place in the Pacific Ocean. The republic of the Philippines has just one of the premier populations in the world. The place is an archipelago of a large team of islands surrounded by crystal clear h2o and beautiful and one of a kind coral reefs. Of the 7,107 islands in the Philippines the premier is Luzon, at a hundred and five square kilometres and just over fifty p.c of the islands in the place have names, and only 350 islands are larger than 2 and a half kilometres square. The tallest mountain range can be identified on the island of Luzon the Cordillera Central the prime of the mountain reaches over 2743 square meters. The tallest mountain peak can be identified on the next premier island in the place Mindanao. Mount Apo rises 2956 meters tall. Like a lot of other mountains in the place Mount Apo is an lively volcano. Luzon is also the web page of the cash of Manila the premier and most significant Philippine town. Manila has a port that stretches around Manila bay for hundreds of years Manila bay has been the country’s coronary heart of shipping and trade. The Visayas make up the center part of the Philippine islands. The premier islands in the Visayas incorporate Leyte, Samar, Cebu, Negros, and Panay Mindanao is an Philippine island in the south of the place and the next premier island in the Philippines the island actions ninety four,700 square kilometres.

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The islands

The Philippine islands were being fashioned by volcanoes and are part of a mountain chain that is mostly below h2o. The interior of most of the islands have a lot of rugged mountains with dense rain forest and because of the repeated rain fall there are a lot of rivers streams and waterfalls that constantly surge down the mountain sides. Because of the dense mountain rainforest and repeated rain fall the Philippines is endowed with spectacular sceneries within the islands tropical rainforest majestic waterfalls outstanding caves and rock formations. Regrettably a large amount of the rain forest is disappearing just before the Spanish arrived in the 1500 over 90 p.c of the Philippine islands were being covered in rain forest. To date the place has dropped shut to just one-3rd of its tropical rainforest. The rain forest has been applied and reduce down for its timber and to clear land for farms and houses.

The shoreline

With over 7000 islands the place has a coastline line additional than 36,three hundred kilometres in duration. The seashores and shoreline varies across the place are pretty sandy in locations this sort of as Boracay which is renowned for its beautiful picturesque tropical white sand seashores. With tropical crops and palm trees increasing on these outstanding seashores. On some island coastline lines are pretty rocky in location and in some locations you will discover gray white sand seashores and large inland rivers that border with mangrove trees and swamps.

The rivers and lakes

Filipinos depend on fresh h2o from rivers and lakes to irrigate their crops and personal working day-to-working day dwelling prerequisites this sort of as ingesting and washing. Pasig River is just one of the premier rivers in the place and flows by means of the cash of Manila. In the north also on the island of Luzon the longest Philippine river that flows by means of the Central Cordilleras, the Cagayan River.


Because the place is sitting down on the pacific ring of fireplace usually means the Philippines have a large amount of lively Volcanoes. A person of the most renowned volcanic eruptions occur in June 1991 in the north of Luzon for a lot of hundreds of years Mount Pinatubo lay dormant. When Mount Pinatubo erupted additional than a thousand men and women killed or injured and still left thousands of men and women homeless. The explosion created a big ash cloud that covered additional than a hundred twenty five thousand square kilometres blanketing the region in ash rock and darkness. A person of the most lively volcanoes in the Philippines is Mayo, also regarded as Mount Mayo this volcano has erupted 48 times in the past four hundred years. Mount Mayo situated on the island of Luzon in the province of Albay. Mayon Volcano proclaimed a national park in the year 2003. The Mayo volcano is a beautifully formed cone that towers 2462 meters over the land. Mayon Previous big eruption was in February 1814, when it wrecked three cities and covered one more two with volcanic ash and incredibly hot larva about 1600 men and women died because of to this eruption.

The Philippine People

For thousands of years a lot of distinctive forms men and women and nations have been part of the Philippines the outcome is a place and men and women with a one of a kind mix of a lot of cultures. About thirty,000 BC Stone Age men and women settled in the Tabon caves on the island of Palawan the place was later on joined by the Negritos that came across land bridges from Borneo Indonesia, and Sumatra and centuries latter joined by guests from Malaya India china and the center east. Magellan was the initially European to set foot on the Philippines in 1521 Ferdinand Magellan explored the archipelago Magellan and most of his men were being killed for the duration of the battle of Mactan on the Island of Cebu. Spain recognized a permanent settlement on the island of Cebu in 1565

Spouse and children faith and education are pretty significant in Filipino lifestyle.

Weather conditions dwelling in the town or the place or on an isolated island spouse and children, faith and education are pretty extremely valued by just about every just one Filipinos have a lot of constructive values this sort of as respect for authority and a higher regard for the dignity of all the men and women.


Most Filipinos hold robust spiritual beliefs they regularly consider part in spiritual ceremonies rejoice holy days with large festivals. The Spanish the place pretty effective in changing the Filipino to Christianity producing the Philippine the only Christian nation in Asia Roman Catholic make up eighty five% of the inhabitants, 5 % of the inhabitants are Sunni Muslim’s the premier no Christian team in the place. Most early Filipinos were being animistic and worshiped ancestral sprits regarded as anitos they believed theses sprits lived in the mountains in the Trees Rivers and fields. Lots of Filipinos believe that in ghost and witches (Multo) ghost and (mangkukulam) ghost. Roman Catholic perception performs an significant part in the day by day existence of most Filipinos.The Philippine men and women worship Christ mother Mary and other holy men and women referred to as saints a lot of Filipinos adorn their houses trics jeepneys boats faculties of photographs of Christ and mother Mary.

Close by islands and china launched Islam to the Philippines right now there are many million Filipinos that observe the faith of Islam. Some Filipinos practice Taoism which is a spiritual perception that originated in china the biggest Taoist temple in the Philippines is in Cebu.

The Filipino spouse and children

The Filipino spouse and children the fundamental models of the Philippine social business which includes the father the mother and children the bilateral extended spouse and children which incorporates all kinfolk of the Father and Mom. Of exclusive importance the bond and unity fashioned by the brothers and sisters. Filipino thinks of their spouse and children as a source of energy and safety. It is not unusual for unmarried daughters and sons to dwell at house with their mother and father, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. The spouse and children are pretty shut and if someone requires enable other individuals chip in and do what they can to enable the spouse and children member in require. The father-partner is the head of the spouse and children and is usually unconditionally obeyed by his spouse and children. The father function and responsibility is to satisfy the economic requires of the spouse and children. The Filipino father is the primary source of self-discipline in the spouse and children and often employs corporal punishment on both sons and daughters although corporal punishment applied on children in the Philippines is now gradually acquiring applied a lot less and a lot less because of to the Philippine society educating and imposing new values on boosting children. The children a large amount of Filipino mothers pamper their children these has the impact of prolonging the childhood of the children they are not pushed or rushed into adulthood responsibilities and anticipations are held under the kid’s potential this care and affection lavished upon the children generates a emotion of belonging and safety. As a outcome the children will always contribute to parent’s economic aid and psychological aid and safety. The conventional Filipino spouse and mother consider care of all the specifics to assure the spouse and children features as a dwelling and loving organised spouse and children unit. The mother is in demand of the house and all the specifics pertaining to the children this sort of as cooking the spouse and children food observing the children are clothed and all set for school the paying out of wage to the maids (ya -ya) and all other household expenses. Strange as it may possibly appear to be ladies share equal location with male in Philippine society female participation in specialist operate and politics is absolutely approved this equality can be traced again to ancient Malayan custom.


Education Filipino children show up at six years of elementary school and four years of higher school. Classes are taught in the Philipino, language tagalog and English the countrys primary official languages. Much more than 90% of all elementary show up at govt faculties. From June until March Filipino children shell out their days at school lessons begin around eight in the morning in the towns like Manila and often around 7 am in the rural locations just before lessons begin the children salute the flag and recite the pledge of allegiance. The Philippines has a pretty higher literacy level which most men and women in the place can study and generate regrettably because of to the higher unemployment level and the minimum wage compensated to lessen class personnel this sort of as farmers and labours some children have to drop out of school to operate and enable to aid their family members and some children show up at faculties that do not have enough school materials and equipment this sort of as textbooks desks and chairs and computer systems.


The Philippine for its languages Filipino English and Spanish there are 87 distinctive big dialects ranging from Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Waray-waray, Kapampagan, and Panasinah. The English languages and the mass education of the English language has been an American contribution to the Filipino existence. English was launched so distinctive men and women dwelling in distinctive areas of the Philippines could understand just one one more. The American declared English the place official language for the duration of the time they dominated the Philippines. In 1937 the Philippine govt made the decision to swap English with a language referred to as Filipino also regarded as Tagalog the most extensively spoken Philippine language specially all through some of the big towns. Nowadays Filipino and English are the place official languages. In distinctive areas of the Philippines some time s you will Filipinos that can converse wherever up to four languages and some times additional specially the men and women who have traveled and lived in distinctive areas of the place. For instance theses Filipinos can converse the language from the region they grew up in and lived in as a little one they also can converse English and Tagalog and often one more language that is native to the place they dwell as an grownup or learnt as a little one. For instance English, Tagalog, Cebuano, Waray-Waray could be four languages a one Filipino can converse.

The men and women conventional dwelling

50 % of the Philippine inhabitants dwell in the place close to mountains forest on modest islands or on the plains there are a lot of forms of conventional houses Bahay kubo is a conventional rural house some time referred to as a nipa hut.The partitions and flooring are created from bamboo and palms leaves the woven palm leaves are overlapped and worn out down to timber or bamboo to form the roof. Other men and women in the place aspect dwell in wood house and other inexpensive timber with iron and galvanised roofs.The additional wealthy place Filipino dwell in a bigger fancy modern day house and residences are created from cement bricks and cement.On a large amount of Modest Island and place locations the house has just one primary home with a number of parts of home furniture and mats on the floor the place the spouse and children sleeps.The kitchen area is usually in one more home with a wood burning stove and often a modest gasoline stove depending on how isolated the spouse and children is from the closest city. In the bigger place cities a lot of of the native residences have energy and some of them even have indoor plumbing but theses conveniences are exceptional in modest villages although now additional and additional Modest Islands and villages are acquiring energy but there is still a large amount of villages that do not. The Philippine men and women that dwell in an region that does not have energy or indoor plumbing get h2o from a group effectively and burn up kerosene lamps for lights in the night

The people’s transportation

The initially men and women who migrated to the Philippine islands applied barangays (boats). Now day’s inter island ships and ferries have been the ideal usually means of transportation of excellent and products from island to one more men and women also depend on these ships as ferries because the expense of a plane ticket are pretty costly for the small money family members. Banca a slender wood boat with an out boat motor hooked up to the again. The boat has wood and bamboo frames extending from both sides of the boats that function like platoons preventing the boat from tipping over or capsizing. Early Filipinos applied these modest boats to trade and get materials from neighboring islands.The bigger banca boats are mostly applied as men and women ferries and large professional fishing boats.The lesser banca boats are applied for lesser journeys in calmer h2o. A conventional form of transport is the pedicabs a tricycle with a aspect cart this form of transportation are still popular in some place cities and provinces specially on the island of Leyte and Samar.

The Philippine jeepney

A Philippine icon king of the road evidence of Philippine innovation the jeepney is a modest bus created from jeeps still left at the rear of by the US military. The jeeps the place transformed in to busses painted in lively glowing flamboyant colours and patterns and adorned with mirrors multi-coloured lights and spiritual icons. The jeepney lesser brother the stainless metal jeep was created and developed for useful factors fisherman complained that seawater and the atmosphere was corroding their jeepneys. So in 1971 Tomas Araga invented and developed the initially jeep the jeep necessitates a lot less upkeep because it is hard and does not rust. The jeep is an suitable Philippine car because they are adapted to the one of a kind Philippine local weather specially from the harsh salt air and the unpredictable weather.